Many marine invertebrates, including Dungeness crab, have pelagic life stages that take them on an oceanic journey before they settle into life on the seafloor. Often, these early larval stages look, behave, and experience life quite differently from the adult forms we are familiar with. The timing of arrival and spatial distribution of young crabs are key to replenishing populations each year, and the number of new recruits has been shown to predict the abundance of adult Dungeness crabs years later. This project tracks dispersal patterns using light traps. Many marine invertebrate larvae, including crabs, are attracted to light. Light traps take advantage of this behaviour and allow us to trap and track Dungeness megalopae, the last larval crab stage before they stop swimming and start crawling.
Working with communities and partners, we are establishing a network of light traps throughout the Salish Sea. This project complements an existing project led by the Pacific Northwest Crab Research Group in the southernmost portion of the Salish Sea where a collection of partners from tribal, state, and federal governments, as well as NGOs and academia, have deployed their own network of light traps. Click here to read more about our community partners.
Sentinels of Change is a contributing member to the Pacific Northwest Crab Research Group. Learn more about the PCRG light trap program here.